'Triangle of Violence' according to Johan Galtung

Johan Galtung's 'Triangle of Violence' works on the assumption that the best way to define peace is to define violence, its antithesis. It reflects the normative aim of preventing, managing, limiting and overcoming violence. If we are to deal with violence in a constructive way, it is helpful to know what we are really talking about when we use the term 'violence'. With his 'Triangle of Violence' Johan Galtung has set new standards, when it comes to defining this term. After all, violence does not always mean immediate physical force; there are other forms of violence, too.

The term as used by Johan Galtung is one of the fundamental definitions used in the Trainings for Peace. It is useful to take a good look at this term for all people, that are currently working or are interested to work in the field of conflict transformation. This self-learning course gives you a brief overview about the model according to Galtung and explains how to apply it. You are also asked to reflect the input of this course on your own.

This self-learning course was developed by the Academy of Conflict Transformation based on the work of Johan Galtung. Johan Galtung studied Sociology and is seen as one of the founding fathers of Peace and Conflict Research. In 1959 he founded the „International Peace Research Institute“ in Oslo which was the first of its kind in Europe. In 1964 he began publishing the „Journal of Peace Research“. Galtung was awarded the alternative „Right Livelihood Award“ in 1987 and the „Gandhi Prize“ in 1993. He has published more than 1000 articles and 100 books.

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